A Reflection by Our Think Tank of Young Economists
Every episode of the online dialogues between visionary economists, organized as part of the Consultation, starts off with a personal reflection by one of the members of the Consultation’s Think Tank of Young Economists. This is the reflection of Elisa Terragno Bogliaccini & Sam de Muijnck at the start of the dialogue on ‘What Really Matters in Markets’ (21 September).
Many of us have heard the term “going back to normal”, meaning to go back to the way things were before the corona-crisis. But if you ask the young generation, if you ask us, do we want to get back to normal? To uncertain career prospects, a lack of housing opportunities, and a rising threat of natural disasters? We say, no, thanks.
Mariana Mazzucato put it nicely in an article on Project Syndicate, in March 2020; the triple crisis of capitalism: the health corona-crisis, the financial crisis and the climate crisis; the implications of these are severe, real, and they are here.
One of our speakers today, Professor Stiglitz, recently published a survey with the Oxford University Smith School, focusing on how fiscal recovery packages can simultaneously tackle the corona-crisis and the climate crisis.
As a part of the Moral Markets initiative, we also have recently published a policy report, which, inspired by that of Stiglitz and his co-authors, proposes a set of public investments for the Netherlands, attempting to reconcile economic recovery, climate action, as well as tackling social inequalities.
In Europe, we find a couple of examples of a “willingness to change” towards a more sustainable version of capitalism. Germany and France, for example, have allocated 50 and 30 billion euro respectively for recovery packages focused specifically on climate action. And the European Commission is also pushing in this direction with its European Green Deal.
A disconnect between promises and actions
However, the Netherlands seems to be lagging behind. Precisely two weeks ago, the Dutch government announced the launch of a national “Growth Fund”, which makes available 20 billion euro for investing in innovation, R&D and infrastructure in the next 5 years. As the name suggests, the fund is focused on long run GDP growth. It is explicitly not meant to focus on short term employment, and ecological sustainability is also not included as a goal.
There seems to be a disconnect between promises and claims about climate justice and actual actions. But can we truly blame politicians for choosing the usual go-to solutions for economic recovery? Why worry about changing the structural composition of the system, if we can also just… create growth and jobs?
A different future?
This is the topic we want to address today. How can we reconcile short term economic recovery with long-term ambitions for structural change? How can we envision and embrace a different future for the market economy, one that will truly serve the people?
My co-author Sam de Muijnck, and I, would like to suggest a couple of specific ideas on which you could help us reflect:
- First, rising unemployment in the months and possibly years to come seems to be inevitable. A prominent idea, often associated with Modern Monetary Theory, to tackle the issue of unemployment is a job guarantee, in which the government would act as employer of last resort by hiring unemployed workers.
- Second, the distributional aspects of climate policies are often an important issue, with the yellow vests movement in France sparked by higher fuel taxes as a key example. A popular idea is, for example, to spend carbon tax revenues on lower income groups to prevent the taxation from being regressive.
- Third, the corona-crisis has caused us to live even more in digital spaces than we already did. While this might lead to some positive outcomes, such as reduced pollution due to less traveling, there are also dangers to this. One issue is that of the excessive power concentration in a few digital firms, such as Amazon, Google and Facebook. To tackle this issue, in the book Angrynomics, Eric Lonergan and Mark Blyth recently proposed the idea of a data dividend: companies have to pay users for the data they provide, either through one-off royalty payments or data licenses granted for a few decades.
- Finally, given Europe’s concern for democracy and sympathy for the welfare state, would you agree that it could provide the right political environment to bring about these policies? Or do you believe it will inevitably make us gravitate “back to normal”?